Home Saw Mills

There comes a time when we want to mill our own lumber, maybe it is just a tree in the back yard that has to come down and it is too valuable for firewood, or you may have acres of timber to choose from. This can be a simple matter of splitting logs with wedges and a sledge hammer into smaller sections so they can be cut on your bandsaw or you can set up your own saw mill.

If you have a chain saw there are attachments with different arrangements of guides and rails to get the job done, if you have a lot of material to cut it may be worth your while to find someone local with a larger portable mill.

Even your band saw will do an admiral job on smaller dimensions, you will need a method of supporting the material on both the infeed and outfeed ends, and a suitable blade.

You can air dry lumber properly stacked to a state where it is suitable for outdoor projects, for indoor use the moisture content must be lowered further, preferably in a kiln, however it can be done in a heated basement or attic.

Chain Saw Mills


Order from Amazon.com
This model clamps to the bar so no drilling is necessary.

They are slow, and cut a wide kerf but are quite adequate for the home handyman.

Many users claim to have paid for the attachment with the first log they milled.

Chain saw mills work best with a ripping blade on the saw.

Order from Amazon.com

Band Saw Resawing

Hand Held Band Saw Mill

Whether it’s a special section of spalted birch or any old piece of pine, you can turn a log into useful lumber. Any woodworker, from novice to master, will get professional results, safely! The Small Hand-Held Saw Mill measures 6'' Wide x 8'' L x 4-1/2'' H, and is for use with table top and larger band saws. The Large Hand-Held Saw Mill is for floor-mounted band saws, and measures 8'' Wide x 15'' L x 6-1/2'' H. Adjustable miter bar fits most slots.

Sawing Lumber

Lumber is either quartersawn or plainsawn, the advantage of quartersawing is that the growth rings are perpendicular to the face of the board, producing a more stable product that will not tend to cup. Plainsawn will produce wider material and a different surface grain than quartersawn lumber which is sometimes desired.

Plainsawn

The log is sliced in one direction through-out.

Quartersawn

This can be done in various configurations.

Storing Logs

The ends of logs should be coated with sealer as soon as they are taken from the woods, store the logs off the ground. If the ends of the logs have not been coated with sealer then the ends of the sawn boards should be done. Latex paint will work in a pinch if you do not have actual end sealer.

Soaking in water is sometimes used as a good preparation for air-seasoning. Previous soaking hastens seasoning. River men insist that timber is improved by rafting. It is a common practice to let cypress logs soak in the swamps where they grow for several months before they are "mined out." They are eagerly sought after by joiners and carpenters, because their tendency to warp is lessened. Ebony is water-soaked in the island of Mauritius as soon as cut. Salt water renders wood harder, heavier, and more durable and is sometimes applied to ship timbers, but cannot be used with timbers intended for ordinary purposes, as the presence of salt tends to absorb atmospheric moisture.

Drying Lumber

Lumber will dry best if its thickness is no greater than 2 inches and no less than 1 inch. If thicker pieces are needed, glue planed boards together to the desired thickness when they are dry.

Select a site that is flat, your stack should be 1 to 2 feet off the ground to allow air circulation, old railway ties, or concrete blocks are a good base, they should be 16" to 24" apart. Place stickers on top of the bottom supports, and between each layer of lumber. the stickers should be 3/4" thick and 1" to 2" wide, you can also use narrow boards from the material being stacked.

Do not let the ends of the boards protrude over the supports, lay boards of even thickness in each layer, spaced about 1" apart, make sure the stickers are directly on top of the ones below, otherwise the boards will bend from the weight on them.Shorter boards can be laid end to end between rows of longer boards.

Cover the stack, preferably with plywood or sheet metal to shed rain water and protect the stack from direct sunlight. Place concrete blocks on top of covering above stickers to hold it in place and to prevent top layer of boards from warping.

Be patient, this is an air drying method and will take at least a month, probably longer. A 2" thick board will take 1 1/2 times as long to dry as a 1" thick board. Times will be shorter when it is warm and dry, wet and cold weather can double the time. Your wood is air dry when the moisture content is 15 - 20%, this is determined with a moisture meter.

If you do not have a meter you can roughly calculate the moisture content by obtaining a 2" cross section sample of the lumber. Weigh the sample section with an accurate kitchen scale, dry the sample in a low heat oven (225 degrees F ) for 12 hours, weigh the sample as soon as it is taken from the oven. Calculate the moisture content:

(Wet weight divided by oven weight) -1 X 100

Air dried wood is suitable for outdoor construction, for indoor use it must be taken down to 7 - 9%.

Small amouts can be done in a warm attic in summer or a heated basement in winter, for larger amounts a solar kiln is recommended.

Information about and plans to build a solar kiln can be found on this site:

Virgina Tech Solar Kiln

More information about drying lumber can be found at theses sites:

Drying Lumber

Microwave Drying


Order from Rockler


Moisture Meter

Order from Rockler


Roller Bar Stand

Order from Rockler


Lumber Wizzard

Order From Rockler